Climate

Throughout Egypt, days are commonly warm or hot, and nights are cool. Egypt has only two seasons: a mild winter from November to April and a hot summer from May to October. The only differences between the seasons are variations in daytime temperatures and changes in prevailing winds.

The average annual temperature increases moving southward from the Delta to the Sudanese border, where temperatures are similar to those of the open deserts to the east and west. Throughout the Delta and the northern Nile Valley, there are occasional winter cold spells accompanied by light frost and even snow.

Egypt receives fewer than eighty millimeters of precipitation annually in most areas. Most rain falls along the coast, but even the wettest area, around Alexandria, receives only about 200 millimeters of precipitation per year.

 

Moving southward, the amount of precipitation decreases suddenly. Cairo receives a little more than one centimeter of precipitation each year. Sinai receives somewhat more rainfall (about twelve centimeters annually in the north) than the other desert areas, and the region is dotted by numerous wells and oases.

 

Below is a global average forecast

 
Month Type Cairo

Min/Max

Alexandria

Min/Max

Luxor

Min/Max

Aswan

Min/Max

Hurghada

Min/Max

 Sharm

Min/Max

   
Jan C
F
8.6/19.1
47/66
9.3/18.3
49/65
5.4/23
42/74
8/23.8
46/75
24/18
75/64
24/18
75/64
Feb C
F
9.3/21
48/69
9.7/19.2
49/67
6.8/25.4
44/78
9.4/26.1
49/79
25/18
77/64
25/18
77/64
March C
F
11.2/23.7
52/75
11.3/21
52/70
10.7/29
51/84
12.6/30.4
54/86
26/20
79/68
26/20
79/68
April C
F
13.9/28.2
56/83
14.5/23.6
58/75
15.7/35
60/95
17.5/36
63/97
31/25
88/77
31/25
88/77
May C
F
17.4/32.4
63/90
16.7/26.5
62/80
20.7/39.3
69/103
21.1/38.5
71/101
35/26
95/79
35/26
95/79
June C
F
19.9/34.5
68/95
20.4/28.2
69/83
22.6/41
72/107
24.2/42.1
76/108
37/28
99/82
37/28
99/82
July C
F
21.5/35.4
71/96
22.7/29.6
73/86
23.6/40.8
74/106
24.5/42
76/108
40/28
107/82
40/28
107/82
Aug C
F
21.6/34.8
71/95
22.9/30.4
73/87
23.5/41
74/107
24.7/41.3
76/107
42/29
108/84
42/29
108/84
Sept C
F
19.9/23.3
68/89
21.3/29.4
71/85
21.5/38.5
71/101
22.2/39.6
72/103
38/27
100/81
38/27
100/81
Oct C
F
17.8/29.8
64/86
17.9/27.7
64/82
17.8/35.1
64/95
19.3/36.6
66/99
32/25
90/77
32/25
90/77
Nov C
F
12.1/24.1
54/75
14.8/24.4
59/76
12.3/29.6
54/85
14.5/30.2
58/86
26/23
79/73
26/23
79/73
Dec C
F
10.4/20.7
51/69
11.2/20.4
52/69
7.7/24.8
45/76
9.9/20.5
50/69
26/19
79/66
26/19
79/66